17.80.010 - Purpose of Chapter
This Chapter provides definitions of terms and phrases used in this Zoning Code that are technical or specialized or that may not reflect common usage. If any of the definitions in this Chapter conflict with definitions in other provisions of the Municipal Code, these definitions shall control for the purposes of this Zoning Code. If a word is not defined in this Chapter, or in other provisions of the Municipal Code, the Zoning Administrator shall determine the correct definition.
17.80.020 - Definitions
As used in this Zoning Code, the following terms and phrases shall have the meaning ascribed to them in this Section, unless the context in which they are used clearly requires otherwise. Definitions of land uses are followed by the term (land use).
Access Corridor. See "Lot - Flag or Corridor Lot".
Accessory Structure. See "Structure, Accessory".
Accessory or Incidental Uses (land use). A land use that is incidental and subordinate to the main use of the site and located on the same site as the main use. An accessory use may be located either in the principal structure or an accessory structure.
Affordable Housing Definitions. The following terms and phrases are defined for the purposes of Chapter 17.42 (Inclusionary Housing Requirements) and Chapter 17.43 (Density Bonus, Waivers and Incentives).
Very low-Income Households. Households whose gross income is equal to 50 percent or less of the median income for Los Angeles County as determined annually by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Agent. A person authorized in writing by a property owner to represent and act for the property owner in contacts with City employees, committees, Commissions, and the Council, regarding matters regulated by this Zoning Code.
Alternative Fuels and Recharging Facilities (land use). A commercial facility offering motor vehicle fuels not customarily offered by commercial refueling stations (e.g., LPG) as well as equipment to recharge electric-powered vehicles.
Animal Sales and Services (land use).
Animals, Retail Sales. The retail sales and boarding of small animals within an entirely enclosed building. These uses include grooming, if incidental to the retail use, and boarding of animals not offered for sale for a maximum of 48 hours.
Animal Shelters (land use). A facility operated for the purposes of impounding, harboring, selling, placing and retrieving seized, strayed, distressed, homeless, abandoned or unwanted animals. May include incidental activities including vaccination, training classes, spay/neuter services, and boarding services.
Antenna. See "Telecommunications Facility Definitions".
Applicant. A person filing an application in compliance with this Zoning Code who is:
Appurtenance. A tower, spire, cupola, chimney, penthouse, water tank, flagpole, theater scenery loft, radio or television antenna, transmission tower, fire equipment, or other similar structure that is attached to a structure and not intended for human occupancy.
Architectural Feature. Any portion of the outer surface of a structure, including the kind, color and texture of the building material, the type and style of all windows, doors, lights, signs, walls, fences, awnings, canopies, screens, sculptures, decoration, roof shape and materials, and other fixtures appurtenant to a structure.
Area, Bar. An area accessible to the public used for preparing and serving alcoholic beverages, which may also be used for preparing and serving nonalcoholic beverages. Bar area shall include any seating area where tables and chairs are devoted to serving or consuming these beverages.
Area, Building. The sum in square feet of the area of the horizontal projections of all buildings on a lot excluding buttresses, chimneys, cornices, eaves, open pergolas, patios, steps, unenclosed and unroofed terraces, unenclosed private balconies not used for access, and minor ornamental features projecting from the walls of a building which are not directly supported by the ground.
Area, Dining. The seating area including aisles within a restaurant, fast-food, or formula fast- food restaurant where food and beverages are served. This includes any outdoor area not located on the sidewalk.
Area, Lot or Site. The horizontal area within the property lines of a lot. If a street dedication is required, the lot or site area shall be calculated using the size of the lot prior to the street dedication.
Area, Seating. An area that is part of a restaurant that includes tables and chairs that are movable or where seats are bolted or otherwise fixed and immovable or an area of a religious facility that does not have permanent seats that is used for religious worship. (This definition also applies to religious facilities.)
Attic. The area located between the top plate and the roof or ridge of a building. Does not include any area in which the top plate is more than 18 inches from the floor joists. (See Interpretation)
Automated Teller Machines (ATM) (land use). A pedestrian-oriented machine used by bank and financial service patrons for conducting transactions including deposits, fund transfers, and withdrawals without contact with financial institution personnel. The machines may be located at or within a bank, or in other locations.
Awning. A permanent or temporary structure attached to and wholly supported by a building and installed over or in front of openings or windows, and consisting of a fixed or movable frame, and covered in canvas or other similar material.
Banks, Financial Institutions (land use). A bank, savings and loan, credit union, or other financial institution that provides retail banking services to individuals and businesses. These uses include only those institutions engaged in the on-site circulation of cash money.
Bars or Taverns (land use). An establishment serving alcoholic beverages for on-site consumption as the primary use, including bars, cocktail lounges, pubs, saloons, and taverns. This use includes establishments that have a California Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) on-sale beer premises license (Type 40), on-sale beer and wine public premises license (Type 42), on-sale general public premises license (Type 48), and on-sale beer public premises license (Type 61) as defined by State law (California Business and Professions Code Section 23000 et seq.).
Bars, with Live Entertainment (land use). A bar or tavern that provides incidental musical performances, where the performance area does not exceed 75 square feet and customer dancing does not occur. The use shall instead be classified as a nightclub if the performance area exceeds 75 square feet or customer dancing occurs.
Bed and Breakfast Inns. See "Lodging - Bed and Breakfast Inns".
Boarding Houses (land use). A residence or dwelling, other than a hotel, wherein three or more rooms, with or without individual or group cooking facilities, are rented to individuals under separate rental agreements or lease, either written or oral, whether or not an owner, agent, or rental manager is in residence.
Building Area. See "Area, Building".
Building Elements. Architectural elements intended to enhance a building's appearance including upper floor loggias or pergolas recessed within a building, roofed balconies, exterior wooden or masonry stairs with closed risers, and tile or masonry fountains.
Building Frontage. See "Frontage, Building".
Building Materials and Supplies Sales (land use). Retailing, wholesaling or rental of building supplies or equipment. These uses include lumber yards, tool and equipment sales or rental establishments, and building contractors' yards, but excludes the exclusive retail sales of paint and hardware, and activities classified under Vehicle Services - Sales and Leasing. Accessory sales of paint and hardware is permitted.
Business Support Services (land use). An establishment within a building, providing other businesses with various services including maintenance, repair and service, testing, rental, etc.; also includes:
California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). The California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) is the State law implemented by the City's Environmental Policy Guidelines and contained in the California Public Resources Code, Section 2100 et seq. Definitions of other CEQA-related terms are located in the City's Environmental Policy Guidelines.
Carport. A permanently covered building open on one or more sides used for automobile shelter and storage. Canvas, fiberglass, lath, vegetation, or other similar material are not ordinary roof coverings and cannot be used in providing covered spaces for a carport.
Caretaker Quarters (land use). A dwelling unit on the site of a commercial, industrial, public or semi-public use, occupied by a guard or caretaker, and may include a single housekeeping unit. Only one caretaker unit is allowed on a single site.
Charitable Institutions (land use). A not-for-profit use that distributes or facilitates the giving of goods and services for the relief of the needy. This use classification includes soup kitchens, regularly staffed drop-off facilities for clothing and household goods and food banks.
Colleges - Nontraditional campus setting (land use). Includes public or private colleges and universities granting associate arts degrees, certificates, undergraduate and graduate degrees, and requiring for admission at least a high school diploma or equivalent general academic training. These facilities typically offer classrooms, laboratories, and staff offices within a shared office building, often containing typical business and professional office suites. This use does not include any form of student housing (e.g., dormitories, fraternities, multi-family housing, or sororities).
Colleges - Traditional campus setting (land use). Includes community colleges, public or private colleges, universities, and professional schools granting associate arts degrees, certificates, undergraduate and graduate degrees, and requiring for admission at least a high school diploma or equivalent general academic training. These facilities maintain a traditional campus setting, typically covering many acres of land with extensive landscaped court yards adjoining multi-story buildings that house lecture halls, classrooms, laboratories, and offices for professors and department administrative staff. Other on-campus structures may contain administrative centers, student unions, libraries, and cafeteria facilities.
Commercial Growing Area (land use). The raising of flowers, orchard crops, ornamental trees, shrubs, or vegetables as a commercial enterprise without permanent structures, and without the on-site storage of nursery equipment or materials.
Commercial Nurseries (land use). A horticulture establishment that sells plants, seeds, shrubs, and various gardening equipment. This includes garden centers. All merchandise other than the plants are kept within an enclosed structure or fully screened. Fertilizers of any type are stored and sold in package form only.
Commercial Off-Street Parking (land use). The commercial parking of vehicles for nonresidential uses. The parking is not required parking for a specific use. (See Interpretation)
Commercial Recreation - Indoor (land use). Provision of indoor participant or spectator recreation that is operated as a business and open to the public for a fee. This classification includes billiard parlors, bowling alleys, and ice- or roller-skating rinks and Karaoke uses.
Commercial Recreation - Outdoor (land use). Provision of outdoor participant or spectator recreation that is operated as a business and open to the public for a fee. This classification includes amusement parks, golf courses, miniature golf courses, and outdoor swimming pools.
Commercial Use. See "Land Use Classifications".
Communications Facilities (land use). Broadcasting, recording, and other communication services accomplished through electronic or telephonic mechanisms, but excluding major utilities and wireless telecommunications antenna facilities. This use includes radio, television, or recording studios, and telephone switching centers.
Coverage, Lot or Site. The percentage of a site covered by roofs, soffits or overhangs extending more than three feet from a wall, and by decks more than four feet in height. Roofs with openings or perforations 50 percent or greater of their surface area, pools, or hot tubs shall not be included in lot coverage calculations.
Cultural Institution (land use). A nonprofit institution displaying or preserving objects of interest in one or more of the arts or sciences. This use includes libraries, museums, and art galleries.
Day/Health Spa. Any premises, place of business or membership club providing facilities devoted especially to health, beauty, and relaxation that deals with the cosmetic, therapeutic, and/or holistic treatments, where people visit for professionally administered personal care treatments. A medical spa shall be classified as a Medical Office land use.
Decision. An action in compliance with this Zoning Code, including Tentative Tract or Parcel Maps, Certificates of Appropriateness, Conditional Use Permits, Hillside Development Permits, Lot Line Adjustments, Home Occupation Permits, Zoning Administrator Interpretations, Design Review, Variances, and Personal Property Sales Permits. Any combined application shall be treated as a single decision.
Density. The number of dwelling units on a lot in relation to the lot size, expressed in units per acre. If a street dedication is required, density shall be calculated using the size of the lot prior to the street dedication.
Density Bonus. A density increase of at least 25 percent over the otherwise maximum allowable residential density established by this Zoning Code and in the Land Use Element of the Comprehensive General Plan as of the date of application by the developer.
Detention Facility (land use). A facility providing housing, care, and supervision for persons confined by law under the direction and control of any law enforcement agency including the California State Department of Corrections and the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service.
Development. Any construction activity or alteration of the landscape, its terrain contour or vegetation, including the erection or alteration of structures. New development is any construction, or alteration of an existing structure or land use, or establishment of a land use, after the effective date of this Zoning Code.
Development Agreement. An agreement between the City and a developer in compliance with Government Code Section 65864 and Chapter 17.66 (Development Agreements) of this Zoning Code.
Dining Area. See "Area, Dining".
Disability. With respect to a person:
Dispatch Facility. See "Transportation Dispatch Facility".
Discretionary Approval. Any approval or entitlement granted in compliance with this Zoning Code, that requires the exercise of discretion, including the ability of the review authority to impose conditions of approval. The types of discretionary approvals required by the City can include an Adjustment Permit, Conditional Use Permit, Certificate of Appropriateness, Design Review, Expressive Use Permit, Filming Permit, Hillside Development Permit, Landmark Designation, Subdivision Map, Sign Exception, Temporary Use Permit, and Variance.
District, or Subdistrict. See "Zoning District".
Donation Collection Facilities. A bin used for the collection of donated materials, including household goods and clothing. Such facilities are not regularly staffed with employees. Any such facility that is regularly staffed with employees shall be classified as a charitable institution.
Dormitory (land use). A building used as group living quarters for a student body or religious order as an accessory use for a college, university, boarding school, convent, monastery or other similar public, semi-public use.
Drive-Through Businesses (land use). An establishment that sells products or provides services to occupants in vehicles, including drive-in or drive-up windows and drive-through services.
Dwelling Unit. One or more rooms with no more than one kitchen, designed for occupancy by one family or single housekeeping unit for living and sleeping purposes, with all rooms (except an attached garage or carport) accessible from the interior of the dwelling unit. (See Interpretations)
Electronic Game Centers (land use). An establishment that provides more than four amusement devices, whether or not the devices constitute the primary use or an accessory or incidental use of the premises. Amusement devices mean an electronic or mechanical equipment, game, or machine that is played or used for amusement, which, when so played or used involves skill and which is activated by coin, key, or token, or for which the player or user pays money for the privilege of playing or using.
Emergency Shelters (land use). A nonprofit facility that provides short-term lodging on a first-come first-serve basis where people must vacate the facility each morning and have no guaranteed bed for the next night.
Encroachment Plane. An inclined plane sloping inward measured either from the vertical or the horizontal and extending along a property line. See Section 17.40.160 (Setback and Encroachment Plane Requirements and Exceptions).
Environmental. The following terms are used in conjunction with environmental evaluation in compliance with the City of Pasadena Environmental Policy Guidelines. Definitions of other CEQA-related terms are located in the Environmental Policy Guidelines.
Existing Grade. See "Grade, Existing".
Expressive Use. A use that is permitted subject to a public hearing process in which the use is evaluated against approval criteria.
Family. Two or more persons living together as a single housekeeping unit in a dwelling unit. This term does not include a boarding house. Also see "Single Housekeeping Unit".
Farmers' Markets (land use). An outdoor market certified for direct retail sales by farms to the public by the State or County Agricultural Commission under California Code of Regulations Title 3, Chapter 3, Article 6.5.
Filming, Long-Term (land use). Commercial motion picture filming, videotaping and professional photography at the same location more than six days per quarter of a calendar year in residential and public, semipublic districts or more than 15 days per quarter of a calendar year in all other zoning districts.
Filming, Short-Term (land use). Commercial motion picture filming, videotaping or professional photographing at the same location six or fewer days per quarter of a calendar year and up to 24 days of a calendar year in residential and public, semipublic districts or 15 days or fewer per quarter of a calendar year and up to 60 days of a calendar year in all other zoning districts.
Firearm Sales (land use). The retail sale of firearms or ammunition by a firearms dealer, whether it is the principal sales item or incidental to the overall sales. This use includes firearms dealers that transfer and lease any firearms.
Floor Area, Gross.
Floor Area Ratio (FAR). The numerical value obtained by dividing the aboveground gross floor area of a building or buildings located on a lot by the total area of the lot. If a street dedication is required, the calculation shall be based on the total area of the lot before the street dedication. For projects subject to the RS and RM-12 development standards, vehicular easements (excluding easements for utility purposes), private streets and the pole portion of flag lots shall be excluded from the calculation of lot area. See Figure 8-1.
Food Sales (land use). The retail sale of food and beverages for off-site preparation or consumption. This use may also include bakeries and the provision of other services (e.g., banks, copy services, dry cleaners, film processing, food take-outs, pharmacies, video rentals, etc.) under one roof. This use shall be classified as a convenience store if it is 3,500 square feet or less.
Fraternity, Sorority (land use). A building containing sleeping rooms, bathrooms, common rooms, and a central kitchen and dining room maintained exclusively for members and their guests or visitors and affiliated with a college or university.
Front Footage of Building Occupancy. The single linear dimension measured at the ground floor along a building frontage that defines the limits of the particular occupancy at that location. The linear dimension does not include overhangs, porches, etc.
Frontage, Street or Highway. The portion of a lot that borders and has access to a public street, highway or parkway. The frontage shall be measured along the common lot line separating the lot from the public street, highway or parkway.
Fueling Position. A space where vehicles can be fueled from an operable fuel dispenser.
Garden, Ancillary. A predominately landscaped are that is separate and distinct from the main garden and meets the minimum dimensions and area as described in 17.22.080.
Garden Enclosure. The surrounding of the perimeter of a main garden with building walls, architectural elements (e.g., low walls, or trellises, or linear landscape elements [e.g., hedges or rows of trees]).
A primarily landscaped, well-defined, rectangular open space that provides a
central focus, and is an essential component in the design of a multi-family
residential project subject to the City of Gardens provisions (17.22.070). It
may take the form of a garden or a landscaped court with a minimum dimension of
20 feet in either direction.
Garden, Private. A predominately landscaped area adjacent to and accessible from a residential unit for the sole use of the occupants of the residential unit and that meets the required area under the City of Gardens requirements (17.22.080).
Garden, Total. The total garden requirement in a multi-family residential project subject to the City of Gardens provisions (17.22.080) including: the main garden, the front yard (minus the driveway), side yards that are within 40 feet of the front setback line, and common open space that has a minimum dimension of 10 feet and meets the main garden requirements. Swimming pools, spas, tennis courts and other amenities are included as part of the total garden.
Grade, Finished. The elevation of the surface of the ground adjoining the building at the completion of a project regulated by this Zoning Code. Where the finished grade is below the level of the existing grade, the existing grade shall be used for this purpose, except within the HD (Hillside Overlay) district.
Gross Floor Area. See "Floor Area, Gross".
Habitable Room or Space. A room or space in a structure for living, sleeping, eating or cooking. Bathrooms, toilet compartments, closets, halls, storage or utility space, and similar areas are not considered a habitable room or space. (See Interpretations)
Hearing Officer. The person appointed to perform the duties prescribed by this Zoning Code related to conducting public hearings and making decisions on applications including Conditional Use Permits, Expressive Use Permits, Hillside Development Permits, Sign Exceptions, Sexually Oriented Business Application for Hardship Extension and Variances.
Height. See Section 17.40.060 (Height Requirements and Exceptions).
Hillside Development Project. Any development, subdivision, construction, grading or other activity in the HD district that requires the issuance of a building, grading, development or construction-related permit or approval of a subdivision by the City.
Historic Preservation. The following terms and phrases are defined for the purposes of Chapter 17.62 (Historic Preservation).
New construction in a designated landmark and or historic district except for accessory structures.
Demolition of a non-contributing building in a designated landmark or historic district.
Any addition of a height greater than that of the existing building, if the addition is visible from the street.
Substantial alterations to non-contributing buildings.
For non-contributing buildings that could be rehabilitated to become contributing, minor alterations including one-story rear additions, replacement windows and doors, replacement garage doors, new siding or wall cladding or new dormers are considered minor projects. For non-contributing buildings built outside the period of significance of the district, these types of projects are exempt from review.
Side yard fences and walls and driveway gates in a historic or landmark district (excluding retaining walls).
Any undertaking determined minor by the Director.
Hollywood Driveway. Two paved wheel tracks each between 2.5 and 3.5 feet wide, separated by a planted strip at least three feet wide. See Figure 8-2.
Hospitality Homes (land use). A facility owned or operated by a nonprofit organization intended to be used solely for the temporary occupancy of patients being treated at a local hospital or outpatient clinic or family members of patients being treated at a local hospital or outpatient clinic. This may include the provision of food service to the occupants only.
Hotels, Motels. See "Lodging - Hotels, Motels".
Housing, Affordable. See "Affordable Housing".
Impound Yard. A site used for the temporary storage of vehicles that have been removed or impounded from public or private property at the direction of a peace officer or by judicial order as prescribed by law.
Industry, Standard (land use). The manufacturing of products, primarily from extracted or raw materials, or bulk storage and handling of the products and materials. Uses in this classification involve an incidence of truck or rail traffic, and/or outdoor storage of products, materials, equipment, or bulk fuel. These uses include food processing and packaging, laundry and dry- cleaning plants greater than 5,000 square feet in size, auto dismantling within an enclosed building, stonework and concrete products manufacture (excluding concrete ready-mix plants), small animal production and processing within an enclosed building, and power generation.
Industry, Restricted (land use). The manufacturing of finished parts or products primarily from previously prepared materials; and provision of industrial services within an enclosed building. These uses include processing, fabrication, assembly and treatment, but exclude basic industrial processing from raw materials, food processing, and vehicle/equipment services. Commercial bakeries that provide seating for on-site consumption shall be classified as take-out restaurants.
Industry, Restricted, Small-Scale (land use). Limited to a maximum gross floor area of 5,000 square feet.
Industrial Use. See "Land Use Classifications".
Internet Access Studios (land use). An establishment that provides more than six computers or other electronic devices or has 50 percent or more of the public floor area devoted to computer use whether or not the devices constitute the primary use or an accessory or incidental use. The computers provide access to the system commonly referred to as the "Internet" and may include e-mail, playing video games over the Internet, or access to other computer software programs, and are available to the public for compensation.
Internet Vehicle Sales (land use). The sale of motor vehicles over a system commonly referred to as the "Internet." The use consists of an office, but no vehicle displays, parts, or service. Vehicles may be dropped off at the site for pick up but shall not be stored longer than 24 hours.
Kitchen. A room used for preparation of food. A complete kitchen contains a sink, refrigerator, stove or range top, and oven or microwave. A partial kitchen is missing one of the above components.
Land Use. See "Use".
Landscaping. The planting and maintenance of some combination of trees, shrubs, vines, ground covers, flowers or lawns. In addition, the combination of design may include natural features (e.g., rock and stone) and structural features, including fountains, reflecting pools, art work, screens, walls, fences, and benches. (See Interpretation)
Land Use Classifications (land use).
Life/Care Facilities (land use). An integrated facility that provides accommodations for, and varying level of care to, residents depending on need. The use shall contain the following components: independent living units, residential care facilities, and continuing care, Alzheimer and related facilities. (See Interpretation)
Liquor Stores (land use). A retail establishment primarily engaged in selling beer, wine, and other alcoholic beverages, which may specialize in a particular type of alcoholic beverage (e.g., wine shops).
Live Entertainment. Music, comedy, readings, dancing, acting, or other entertainment performed on a site three or more days during a calendar year. This includes dancing by patrons to live or recorded music.
Lodging - Bed and Breakfast Inns (land use). An establishment offering lodging on less than a weekly basis in a converted single-family or multi-family dwelling, with incidental eating and drinking service for lodgers only provided from a single kitchen on the premises.
Lodging - Hotels, Motels (land use). A commercial establishment offering overnight visitor accommodations, but not providing room rentals on an hourly basis. These uses include facilities available to the general public, including without limitation meeting and dining facilities, provided these are an integral part of the hotel or motel operations.
Lot. A legally established lot of land under one ownership with frontage upon a street. Types of lots include the following. See Figure 8-3.
Lot Coverage. See "Coverage, Lot or Site".
Lot Line or Property Line. A recorded boundary of a lot. Types of lot lines are as follows. See Figure 8-4 (Lot Features).
Lot or Site Area. See "Area, Lot, or Site".
Lot Width. The horizontal distance between the side property line of a lot, measured at right angles to the lot depth at the rear of the required front yard setback.
Maintenance and Service Facilities (land use). A facility providing maintenance and repair services for vehicles and equipment and materials storage areas. This use includes corporation yards, equipment service centers, and similar facilities.
Maintenance or Repair Services (land use). An establishment providing appliance repair, office machine repair, or building maintenance services. This use does not include the maintenance and repair of vehicles (see Vehicle/Equipment Repair).
Massage Establishments (land use). Any premises, place of business or membership club where the primary use is providing or giving for a fee or other form of consideration a massage, fomentation, bath, manipulation of the body, electric or magnetic treatment, alcohol rub or other similar massage service or procedure. A use where accessory massage occurs shall not be classified as a massage establishment. The following professions and services shall not be classified as a massage establishment:
Massage Technician. Any person, who in connection with the activities of a massage establishment or accessory massage, administers to another person a massage, alcoholic rub, fomentation, bath, electric or magnetic massage procedure, manipulation of the body or other similar procedure. All massage technicians operating in the City shall be licensed by the State of California and shall practice and engage in this licensed profession. A massage technician license shall comply with the permit requirements of Chapter 5.48 (Massage Establishments).
Massage - Accessory. A use where massages occurs either permanently or temporarily and the area where the massage occurs covers less than 20 percent of the gross floor of the principal use.
Medical Marijuana Dispensary (land use). A facility or location which provides, make available or distributes medical marijuana to a primary caregiver, a qualified patient, or a person with an identification card, in accordance with California Health and Safety Code Section 11362.5 et seq. This use is prohibited in the City of Pasadena.
Medical Services - Extended Care (land use). An establishment providing care on a 24-hour basis for persons requiring regular medical attention, but excluding facilities providing surgical or emergency medical services.
Medical Services - Hospital (land use). A facility providing medical, surgical, psychiatric, or emergency medical services to sick or injured persons, primarily on an inpatient basis. This use includes incidental facilities for outpatient treatment, as well as training, research, and administrative services for patients and employees.
Mini-Malls (land use). A site with an area of less than 45,000 square feet, that includes surface parking, developed for multiple uses of retail, personal services, food sales, restaurants, take-out restaurants, bars or taverns, or a combination of such uses. A site in which all the parking is located between the building(s) and the rear property line is not a mini-mall. For all multi-frontage lots, including corner lots, the zoning administrator shall determine which is the rear property line for purposes of this subsection.
Minor Alteration. Any physical modification to a structure that is limited in scope or has a minor visual impact in relation to the total design of the project. Minor alterations normally include awnings, landscaping, lighting, roofing, paint colors, seismic work, signs, new storefronts, and alterations to existing storefronts.
Mixed-Use Projects (land use). The combination of commercial and residential uses in the same structure, where the residential component is located either above (vertical mixed-use) or behind (horizontal mixed-use) the nonresidential component. Nonresidential uses are typically commercial uses.
Mobile Recycling Units. Bins, boxes, or containers used for the collection of recyclable materials (e.g., aluminum, glass, plastic and paper), which are transported by trucks, trailers, or vans licensed by the California Department of Motor Vehicles. A mobile recycling center larger than 500 square feet is a large collection facility.
Mortuaries, Funeral Homes (land use). The provision of services including preparing human remains for burial, and arranging and managing funerals. This use does not include cemeteries, crematoriums, and columbariums.
Municipal Code, or Code. The City of Pasadena Municipal Code, as it may be amended from time to time.
Neighborhood or Community Gardens (land use). A site used by the community or a neighborhood for the growing of ornamental plants or vegetables that are not sold commercially but are used exclusively for personal use. The use is without permanent structures and without the on-site storage of nursery equipment or materials.
Net Floor Area. See "Floor Area, Net".
Nightclubs (land use). A bar, tavern, or similar establishment that provides live entertainment (music, comedy, etc.) that may serve alcoholic beverage for sale, where the performance area exceeds 75 square feet, or customer dancing occurs. See "Commercial Entertainment".
Nonconforming Lot. A lot that was legally created before the adoption of this Zoning Code and which does not conform to current Code provisions/standards (e.g., access, area, or width requirements, etc.) prescribed for the zoning district in which the lot is located.
Nonconforming Structure. A structure, or a portion of the structure, that was legally altered or constructed before the adoption of this Zoning Code and which does not conform to current Code provisions/standards (e.g., area, distance between structures, height, open space, setbacks, etc.) prescribed for the zoning district in which the structure is located.
Nonconforming Use. A use of a structure (either conforming or nonconforming) or land that was legally established and maintained before the adoption of this Zoning Code and which does not conform to current Code provisions governing allowable land uses for the zoning district in which the use is located. This includes uses that do not conform to the land use regulations for the district in which they are located and were established prior to July 1, 1985, under a use of property variance.
Offices (land use).
Off-Street Parking Facility. A site or portion of a site outside of a public right-of-way reserved for the parking of motor vehicles, including parking spaces, aisles, access drives and landscaped areas.
Open Space, Usable. Outdoor space that serves a recreational function or provides visual relief from the building mass, the minimum dimension of which shall be six feet excluding required front yards not used for balconies or patios.
Opposite. A wall, window, sign, zoning district, or property line that has a line perpendicular to a vertical plane through one element which would intersect a similar vertical plane through a like element.
Park and Recreation Facilities (land use). A noncommercial park, playground, or other recreation facility, and/or open space officially designated as a public park or recreation facility. This use includes community centers.
Figure 8 -5 - Podium Parking
Figure 8-6 – Tuck-under Parking
Pedestrian Orientation. Any physical structure or place with design qualities and elements that contribute to an active, inviting and pleasant place for pedestrians including:
Pedestrian-Oriented Uses (land use). A land use that is intended to encourage walk-in customers and that generally does not limit the number of customers by requiring appointments or otherwise excluding the general public. A pedestrian-oriented use provides spontaneous draw from the sidewalk and street due to visual interest, high customer turnover, and social interaction. Examples of these uses include:
Person. Any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association; city, county, state, or district; and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee, or other similar representative thereof.
Personal Improvement Services (land use). The provision of instructional services or facilities, including health or physical fitness clubs, modeling agencies, rehearsal halls, and weight control clinics. (See Interpretations)
Personal Property Sales (land use). The sale of personal property, as regulated by Section 17.50.190.
Personal Services (land use). An establishment providing non-medical services to individuals as a primary use. Examples of these uses include:
Personal Services, Restricted (land use). A personal service establishment that may tend to have a blighting and/or deteriorating effect upon surrounding areas and that may need to be dispersed from other similar uses to minimize its adverse impacts, including:
Planning Commission. See "Commission".
Preexisting. In existence before the effective date of the ordinance enacting this Zoning Code.
Primary Structure. See "Structure, Main, Primary, or Principal".
Primary Use. See "Use, Primary".
Primary Zoning District. See "Zoning District, Primary".
Property Line. See "Lot Line, or Property Line".
Public Project. Public project shall include development projects initiated by the City, including the Rose Bowl Operating Company and the Pasadena Center Operating Company. Public project may also include, at the sole discretion of the planning director, substantial alterations to significant interiors of the Central Library, City Hall, and the Civic Auditorium.
Public Safety Facility (land use). A facility for public safety and emergency services, including police and fire protection. This use includes facilities used by the National Guard or the Military Reserve.
Public, Semi-Public Use. See "Land Use Classifications".
Religious Facilities (land use). A facility in which the primary use is religious worship. A religious facility may include related accessory activities including religious education, ministry, clothing and food distribution, counseling, employment assistance, referral services, and support groups. Other uses (e.g., private schools and child day-care centers) that are located on the site of a religious assembly use shall not be accessory uses.
Research and Development — Non-Office (land use). A laboratory facility that is primarily used for non-office scientific research. This use can include the design, development, and testing of biological, chemical, electrical, magnetic, mechanical, and/or optical components in advance of product manufacturing. This use does not involve the fabrication, mass manufacture, or processing of the products.
Research and Development — Office (land use). Facilities that are primarily office uses for scientific research. This use can include the design, development, and testing of biological, chemical, electrical, magnetic, mechanical, and/or optical components in advance of product manufacturing. This use does not involve the fabrication, mass manufacture, or processing of the products.
Residential Care Facilities.
Residential Use. See "Land Use Classifications".
Restaurants (land use). An establishment that sells prepared food or beverages either indoors or outdoors in nondisposable containers. A restaurant may provide for the accessory sale of food and nonalcoholic beverages for off-site consumption provided that all food and beverages sold for on-site consumption are served in nondisposable containers. A restaurant with a bar area exceeding 500 square feet or 30 percent of the dining area shall be classified as a bar.
Restaurants, Fast Food (land use). A restaurant that sells prepared food either indoors or outdoors in disposable containers (e.g., paper or plastic). These uses include retail bakeries that provide on-site seating. A restaurant with a bar area exceeding 500 square feet or 30 percent of the dining area shall be classified as a bar.
Restaurants, Formula Fast Food (land use). A fast-food restaurant which is required by contractual or other arrangements to offer standardized employee uniforms, exterior design, food preparation, ingredients, interior decor, menus, or signs; or adopts an appearance, food presentation format, or name which causes it to be substantially identical to another restaurant regardless of ownership or location.
Restaurants with Limited Live Entertainment (land use). A restaurant, including a fast food or formula restaurant, that provides accessory live entertainment, where the performance area does not exceed 75 square feet, and customer dancing does not occur. The use shall be classified as a nightclub (commercial entertainment) if the performance area exceeds 75 square feet or customer dancing is provided. Live entertainment does not include a sexually oriented business.
Restaurants with Walk up Window (land use). A restaurant, including a fast food or formula fast food restaurant that provides an exterior walk-window in which orders for food are taken and/or customers are served food. (See Interpretation)
Retail Sales (land use). The retail sales of merchandise not specifically listed under another use. These uses include:
Reverse Vending Machine. A mechanical device that accepts one or more types of empty beverage containers, including aluminum cans, glass and plastic bottles and cartons, and issues a cash refund or a redeemable credit slip with a value not less than the container's redemption value. One or more reverse vending machines occupying an area larger than 500 square feet are considered a large collection facility.
Review Authority. The individual or official City body (the Director, Commission, or Council) identified by this Zoning Code as having the responsibility and authority to review, and approve or disapprove the permit applications described in Article 7 (Land Use and Development Permit Procedures).
Room, Habitable. A room meeting the requirements of Municipal Code Chapter 14.12 for sleeping, living, cooking or dining purposes, excluding enclosed places (e.g., closets, pantries, bath or toilet rooms, service rooms, connecting corridors, laundries, unfinished attics, foyers, storage spaces, cellars, utility rooms and similar spaces).
Schools (land use).
Seating Area. See "Area, Seating".
Second Dwelling Units (land use). A detached residential dwelling unit that provides complete independent living facilities for one or more persons on the same parcel as a legal single family residence. A second dwelling unit shall include permanent provisions that include, but are not limited to, living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation.
Self-Storage (land use). A structure containing separate storage space that is designed to be leased or rented individually in an enclosed building. This use does not include outdoor storage or recreational vehicles, boats, personal watercraft, motorcycles, or trailers.
Senior Affordable Housing (land use). Facilities providing dwelling units in which all units are for senior citizens of low and moderate income as that term is defined in Government Code Section 65915 and by Health and Safety Code Section 33334.2. This use does not include residential care facilities, transition housing, medical services - extended care, and life/care facilities.
Service Station. See "Vehicle Services - Service Stations".
Setback. The distance by which a structure, parking area or other development feature must be separated from a lot line easement, other structure or development feature. If a street dedication is required, then the setback requirement shall be measured from the revised property line after the dedication. For purposes of this Zoning Code, the term "yard" may be used interchangeably with the term "setback." See Section 17.40.160 (Setback and Encroachment Plane Requirements and Exceptions). See also "Yard."
Sexually Oriented Uses. The following terms and phrases are defined for the purpose of Section 17.50.295 (Sexually Oriented Businesses).
Adult Bookstore or Adult Video Store. A commercial establishment which, as one of its principal business activities, offers for sale or rental for any form of consideration any one or more of the following: books, magazines, periodicals or other printed matter, or photographs, films, motion pictures, video cassettes, compact discs, digital video discs, slides, or other visual representations which are characterized by their emphasis upon the display of “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas.” A “principal business activity” exists where the commercial establishment:
Has a substantial portion of its displayed merchandise which consists of said items, or
Has a substantial portion of the wholesale value or its displayed merchandise which consists of said items, or
Has a substantial portion of the retail value of its displayed merchandise which consists of said items, or
Derives a substantial portion of its revenues from the sale or rental, for any form of consideration of said items, or
Maintains a substantial section of its net floor area for the sale or rental or said items; or
Regularly features said items, prohibits access by minors, by reason of age, to its premises, and regularly advertises, on signage visible from a public right-of-way, as providing items that the advertising describes using the term “adult,” “xxx,” “triple-x,” “x-rated,” “erotic,” “sexual,” or a term or terms with similar import; or
Maintains an “adult arcade,” which means any place to which the public is permitted or invited wherein coin-operated or slug-operated or electronically, electrically, or mechanically controlled still or motion picture machines, projectors, or other image-producing devices are regularly maintained to show images to five or fewer persons per machine at any one time, and where the images so displayed are characterized by their emphasis upon matter exhibiting “specified sexual activities” or specified “anatomical areas.”
Adult Cabaret. A nightclub, bar, juice bar, restaurant, bottle club, or other commercial establishment, whether or not alcoholic beverages are served, which regularly features persons who appear semi-nude.
Adult Motion Picture Theater. A commercial establishment where films, motion pictures, videocassettes, slides, or similar photographic reproductions which are characterized by their emphasis upon the display of “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas” are regularly shown to more than five persons for any form of consideration.
The essential character or quality of an item. As applied in this chapter, no business shall be classified as a sexually oriented business by virtue of showing, selling, or renting materials rated NC-17 or R by the Motion Picture Association of America.
Establish or Establishment. Any of the following:
The opening or commencement or any sexually oriented business as a new business;
The conversion of an existing business, whether or not a sexually oriented
The The addition of any sexually oriented business to any other existing sexually oriented business.
Nudity or a State of Nudity. The showing of the human male or female genitals, pubic area, vulva, anus, anal cleft or cleavage with less than a fully opaque covering, or the showing of the female breast with less than a fully opaque covering of any part of the nipple and areola.
Operate or Cause to Operate. To cause to function or to put or keep in a state of doing business
Operator. Any person on the premises of a sexually oriented business who causes the business to function or who puts or keeps in operation the business or who is authorized to manage the business or exercise overall operational control of the business premises. A person may be found to be operating or causing to be operated a sexually oriented business regardless of that person is an owner, part owner, or permittee of the business.
Person. An individual, proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity.
Premises. The real property upon which the sexually oriented business is located, and all appurtenances thereto and buildings thereon, including, but not limited to, the sexually oriented business, the grounds, private walkways, and parking lots and/or parking garages adjacent thereto, under the ownership, control, or supervision of the permittee, as described in the application for a sexually oriented business permit.
Regularly. Recurring, attending, or functioning at fixed or uniform intervals.
Semi-Nude or State of Semi-Nudity. The showing of the female breast below a horizontal line across the top of the areola and extending across the width of the breast at that point, or the showing of the male or female buttocks. This definition shall include the lower portion of the human female breast, but shall not include any portion of the cleavage of the human female breasts exhibited by a bikini, dress, blouse, shirt, leotard, or similar wearing apparel provided the areola is not exposed in whole or in part.
Semi-Nude Model Studio. A place where persons regularly appear in a state of semi-nudity for money or any form of consideration in order to be observed, sketched, drawn, painted, sculptured, photographed, or similarly depicted by other persons. This definition does not apply to any place where persons appearing in a state of semi-nudity did so in a modeling class operated:
By a college, junior college, or university supported entirely or partly by taxation;
By a private college or university which maintains and operates educational programs in which credits are transferable to a college, junior college, or university supported entirely or partly by taxation; or
In a structure:
Which has no sign visible from the exterior of the structure and no other advertising that indicates a semi-nude person is available for viewing; and
Where, in order to participate in a class a student must enroll at least three days in advance of the class.
Sexual Device. Any three dimensional object designed and marketed for stimulation of the male or female human genitals, anus, female breast, or for sadomasochistic use or abuse of oneself or others and shall include devices such as dildos, vibrators, penis pumps, and physical representations of the human genital organs. Nothing in this definition shall be construed to include devices primarily intended for protection against sexually transmitted diseases or for preventing pregnancy.
Sexual Device Shop. A commercial establishment that regularly features sexual devices. Nothing in this definition shall be construed to include any pharmacy, drug store, medical clinic, or any establishment primarily dedicated to providing medical or healthcare products or services, nor shall this definition be construed to include commercial establishments which do not restrict access to their premises by reason of age.
Specified Anatomical Area. Any of the following:
Less than completely and opaquely covered: human genitals; pubic region; buttock; and female breast below a point immediately above the top of the areola; or
Human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered.
Specified Criminal Activity. Any of the following specified crimes for which less than five years elapsed since the date of conviction or the date of release from confinement for the conviction, whichever is the later date:
Rape, child molestation, sexual assault, sexual battery, aggravated sexual assault, aggravated sexual battery, or public indecency;
Prostitution, keeping a place of prostitution, pimping, or pandering;
Obscenity, disseminating or displaying matter harmful to a minor, or use of child in sexual performance;
Any offense related to any sexually-oriented business, including controlled substance offenses, tax violations, racketeering, crimes involving sex, crimes involving prostitution, or crimes involving obscenity;
Any attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit one of the foregoing offenses; or
Any offense in another jurisdiction that, had the predicate acts been committed in California, would have constituted any of the foregoing offenses.
Specified Sexual Activity. Any of the following:
Intercourse, oral copulation, masturbation or sodomy; or
Excretory functions as a part of or in connection with intercourse, oral copulation, masturbation, or sodomy.
Substantial. At least thirty-five percent of the items so modified.
Transfer of Ownership or Control. Any of the following:
The sale, lease, or sublease of the sexually oriented business;
The transfer of securities which constitute an influential interest in the sexually oriented business, whether by sale, exchange, or similar means; or
The establishment of a trust, gift, or other similar legal device which transfers the ownership or control of the sexually oriented business, except for transfer by bequest or other operation of law upon the death of the person possessing the ownership or control.
Viewing Room. The room, booth, or area where a patron of a sexually oriented business would ordinarily be positioned while watching a film, videocassette, digital video disc, or other video reproduction.
Single Housekeeping Unit. The functional equivalent of a traditional family; whose members are a nontransient interactive group of persons jointly occupying a single dwelling unit, including the joint use of common areas and sharing household activities and responsibilities (e.g., meals, chores and expenses). This does not include a boarding house.
Single Ownership. Holding record title, possession under a contract to purchase or possession under a lease, by a person, firm, corporation or partnership, individually, jointly, in common or in any other manner where the property is or will be under unitary or unified control.
Single-Room Occupancy (land use). A facility providing dwelling units where each unit has a minimum floor area of 150 square feet and a maximum floor area of 220 square feet. These dwelling units may have kitchen or bathroom facilities and shall be offered on a monthly basis or longer.
Site. A lot or group of contiguous lots not divided by any alley, street, other right-of-way or city limit that is proposed for development in accord with the provisions of this Zoning Code, and is in a single ownership or has multiple owners, all of whom join in an application for development.
Site Coverage. See "Coverage, Lot or Site".
Slope. The inclined ground surface of fill, excavation, or natural terrain, the inclination of which is expressed as a percentage. Slope percent is computed by dividing the vertical distance by the horizontal distance multiplied by one hundred. See Figure 8-7 - Slope Calculation. See also “Grade, Existing” or “Grade, Finished.”
Figure 8-7 – Slope Calculation
Story. The portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the next floor above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling above. (Also, see the definition of Basement.)
Street or Highway Frontage. See "Frontage, Street or Highway".
Street, or Public Right-of-Way. A public thoroughfare, avenue, road, highway, boulevard, parkway, way, drive, lane, court or private easement, not including freeways, providing any access to and egress from the property abutting thereon.
Structure. Anything constructed or erected that requires a location on the ground, including a building or a swimming pool, or a fence or wall, but not including driveways or walkways located outside the front yard setback.
Subdivision. The division, by any subdivider, of any unit or portion of land shown on the latest equalized Los Angeles County assessment roll as a unit or contiguous units, for the purpose of sale, lease or financing, whether immediate or future. Property shall be considered as contiguous units, even if it is separated by roads, streets, utility easement or railroad rights-of-way. Subdivision includes the following, as defined in Civil Code Section 1315: a condominium project; a community apartment project; or the conversion of five or more existing dwelling units to a stock cooperative.
Substantial (Major) Alteration. Any physical modification to a structure that involves a major portion of the structure or has a substantial visual impact on the structure or its surroundings. Substantial alterations normally include changes to building massing, cladding the exterior walls in a new material, and extensive replacement of windows and doors with a new or unoriginal design in a structure.
Swap Meets (land use). Collective retail sales or exchange of merchandise by individual vendors occupying separate sales spaces that are not divided by permanent walls. These uses include both indoor and outdoor swap meets, conducted on either a permanent or recurring basis.
Swimming Pool, Hot Tub. A water-filled enclosure with a depth of 18 inches or more, used for swimming or recreation.
Telecommunications Facilities (land use). The following technical terms and phrases are defined for the purposes of Section 17.50.310 (Telecommunications Facilities).
Temporary Use. See "Land Use Classifications".
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) (land use). A development, located within walking distance of a major transit stop designed for pedestrians without excluding motor vehicles. Transit-oriented development can be new construction or redevelopment of one or more structures whose design and orientation facilitate transit use.
Transit Stations or Terminals (land use). Facilities for loading, unloading, and transferring passengers, baggage, and incidental freight between modes of transportation. These uses include bus terminals, railroad stations, and public transit stations.
Transition Housing (land use). A facility that provides housing at no cost for individuals in immediate need of housing in which residents stay longer than overnight. This housing may include support services (e.g., emergency medical care, employment and housing counseling).
Transportation Dispatch Facilities (land use). A base facility where ambulances, taxis, limousines, armored cars, tow trucks, and similar vehicles for specialized transportation are stored, and from which they are dispatched, and/or where ambulance vehicles and crews not based at a hospital or fire department stand by for emergency calls. Does not include storage facilities for towed vehicles, which is classified under "Vehicle Services - Vehicle Storage."
Truck and Freight Terminals (land use). Storage and distribution facilities having more than six heavy trucks on the premises at one time, but excluding trucking accessory to another business; includes transportation establishments furnishing services incidental to air, motor freight, and rail transportation including:
Urban Housing (land use). A high-density multi-family project that is the primary use of a site in a commercial zoning district or as part of a transit-oriented development around a light rail station.
Use. The purpose for which a site or structure is arranged, designed, intended, constructed, erected, moved, altered, or enlarged for which either a site or a structure is or may be occupied or maintained.
Utility, Major (land use). Generating plants, electrical substations, aboveground electrical transmission lines, refuse collection or disposal facilities, water reservoirs, water or wastewater treatment plants, and similar facilities of public agencies or public utilities.
Utility, Minor (land use). A utility facility that is necessary to support a legally established use and involves only minor structures (e.g., electrical distribution lines).
Vanpool. A vehicle carrying two or more persons commuting together to and from work on a regular basis, under a prepaid subscription arrangement, which vehicle is designed for seven or more passengers.
Vehicle Services (land use).
Visible. Likely to be noticed by a person of average height walking on a street or sidewalk two years after installation of any planting screening material intended to screen a view.
Wholesaling, Distribution, and Storage, Small-Scale (land use).
distribution, and storage having a maximum gross floor area of 5,000 square
feet and using a maximum of two commercial vehicles.
Window, Bay. An extension of a building wall which is habitable space that encroaches into a required yard and is a minimum of three feet above finished grade. A bay window shall have a minimum of 50 percent fenestration.
Window, Required. An exterior opening in a habitable room meeting the area requirements of Municipal Code Section 14.12.390.
Wireless Telecommunications. See "Telecommunications Facility".
Work/Live Units (land use). Work/Live means an integrated dwelling unit and working space, in which the work component is the primary use and the residential component is secondary, occupied by a single housekeeping unit in a structure, that has been designed or structurally modified to accommodate joint residential occupancy and work activity, and which includes:
Yard or Court. An open space on the same site as a structure, unoccupied and unobstructed by structures from the ground upward or from the floor level of the structure requiring the yard or court upward except as otherwise provided in this Zoning Code, including a front yard, side yard, corner yard, rear yard or court between structures. For purposes of this Zoning Code, the term "setback" may be used interchangeably with the term "yard." The following types of yards are defined and required by this Zoning Code. See Figure 8-8.
Figure 8-8 – Yard Types
Zoning Credit Parking Space. A zoning credit parking space is an entitlement to apply a publicly available parking space toward meeting the parking requirements of the Zoning Code. Those who are entitled to such a space would have not special priority to use the space and would pay the same fees as the general public if they or their customers or employees wished to use the space. Possession of a zoning credit parking space does not give the owner of the space any rights to a share of the costs or revenue from the development or operation of the parking facility.
Zoning District. Any of the residential, commercial, public, or overlay districts established by Article 2 of this Zoning Ordinance (Zoning Districts, Allowable Land Uses and Permit Requirements), within which certain land uses are allowed or prohibited, and certain site planning and development standards are established (e.g., setbacks, height limits, site coverage requirements, etc.).
Zoning District, Primary. The zoning district applied to a site by the Zoning Map, to which an overlay zoning district may also be applied.